Higher Education Institutions types and statistics 2015/16:
total – 659 HEI (1,605 mln students) (525 public HEI (1,466 mln students), 134 private HEI (0,139 mln students));
among them: 185 Universities, 53 Academies, 63 Institutes, 1 Conservatory, 218 Colleges, 56 Technical schools, 83 Vocational schools.
National Qualifications Framework – 10 levels of qualifications (based on EQF LLL) was approved by the Cabinet of Ministries of Ukraine (2011).
The Law of Higher Education (2014) is compatible with the Bologna Process (3-cycle HE, ECTS, DS, ESG, NQF implementation).
The Law of Education (2017) is compatible with the Bologna Process in general and includes the following key provisions:
1. Introduce 12-years complete general secondary school within 3 stages – for primary education – on September 1, 2018; for basic secondary school – on September 1, 2022;
for field-specific secondary school – on September 1, 2027 (Part XII. CONCLUDING AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS).
2. Implement European approach to assure right of equal access to education and inclusive learning for people with disabilities (persons with special educational needs) (Article 19, 20).
3. Introduce the institute of Education Ombudsman for providing good conditions for realization of the right to education within education system (Article 73).
4. Present formal, non-formal and informal education as means of life-long learning (Article 8).
3. Implementation of reviewed National Qualification Framework (see Table) – 11 levels of qualifications (0-10) incl. Higher Education (Junior Bachelor (short cycle), Bachelor – Master – PhD) and plus so called 4th or postdoctoral cycle – Doctor of Science (Article 36).
Determination of correspondence between educational levels and levels of National Qualification Framework (for Higher education: 6 – 7 – 8 – 9 – 10 levels) (Article 10) (see Table).
Introduce Doctor of Art degree in frame of the 3th cycle of Higher Education for artistic qualifications / professions along with PhD degree for other qualifications / professions.
4. Introduce definitions for professional and educational qualifications; descriptions of the National Qualification Framework corresponding with EQF LLL; Sectoral Qualifications Frameworks, Qualifications Centres for Learning Outcomes and Qualifications Recognition (including via informal and nonformal education) in line with Lisbon and Bologna processes; National Qualifications Agency for maintaining NQF implementation in particular (Article 34, 35, 36, 38).
5. Widen University Autonomy via introducing several legal statuses for HEIs – state-funding institution (present status for state HEIs); non-commercial education institution; commercial education institution (Article 22).
6. Establish obligatory correlation between Education Standards and NQF (Article 32).
7. QA system novation is Academic Integrity as well as Institutional Accreditation (voluntary procedure by HEI initiative, assessment of quality of educational activity of the HEI) (Article 42, 46).
8. Assure Teaching Quality improvement – State provides support to advanced training of State HEIs academic staff via additionally allocated funds from the State Budget and the amount of these funds cannot be less than 2 % of the academic staff’ salary fund (Article 78).
9. On the day this Law enters into force, the powers of the members of the NQAA in Higher Education delegated by the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, national sectoral academies of sciences, elected by congresses from the representatives of HEIs, Joint Representative Body of all-Ukrainian Association of employers’ organizations, congress of representatives of students are terminated (Part XII. CONCLUDING AND TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS).
10. The Ministry provides study programmes accreditation according to the procedure envisaged for accreditation of disciplines and specialities until approval, according to the procedure established by the Law on Education, of the regulations about study programmes accreditation.
11. Some key amendment to the Law of Ukraine “On Higher Education” (2014):
(1) Introduce new approach to formation of the NQAA – National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education is composed on 23 persons appointed by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on the basis of the decision of the Selection / Competition Commission following the results of the selection that takes place with due consideration of gender balance and sectoral (field of study) representation principles.
(2) The composition of the National Agency for Quality Assurance in Higher Education is formed with safeguarding the representation of no more than 1 person from a Field of Study and includes:
1) 3 persons – selected among representatives of all-Ukrainian employers’ organizations;
2) 2 persons – students of the first or second cycles of HE;
3) no less than 1 representative from among persons who work on a permanent basis at:
the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine;
national sectoral academy of sciences (1 representative per each academy – 5 ones);
A person may be nominated a candidate to the NQAA via self-nomination also.